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What are cucumbers?

About the ingredient cucumbers. Including 765 recipes with cucumbers, nutrition data, photos, and where to find it.



The cucumber is a creeping vine that roots in the ground and grows up trellises or other supporting frames, wrapping around ribbing with thin, spiraling tendrils. The plant has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruit.

The fruit is roughly cylindrical, elongated, with tapered ends, and may be as large as 60 cm long and 10 cm in diameter. Cucumbers grown to be eaten fresh (called slicers) and those intended for pickling (called picklers) are similar. Cucumbers are mainly eaten in the unripe green form. The ripe yellow form normally becomes too bitter and sour. Cucumbers are usually over 90% water.

Having an enclosed seed and developing from a flower, botanically speaking, cucumbers are classified as fruits. However, much like tomatoes and squash they are usually perceived, prepared and eaten as vegetables.

The cucumber is usually long and cylindrical in shape, has rounded edges, and can appear in various sizes. The fruit often has green skin and a white inside with many seeds in it. The taste of fresh cucumbers is usually refreshing, watery, and can have a slightly bitter aftertaste. Cucumbers are commonly eaten fresh or used in pickling.

Like the tomato, the cucumber is a fruit. Botanically speaking, a fruit is the mature ovary of a flowering plant and is used by the plant to disperse seeds. The term “vegetable,” on the other hand, is commonly used to describe any other edible part of a plant. Cucumbers and other such fruits are called vegetables because they are commonly used as vegetables in cooking. In addition, they are not sweet like other types of fruits.

There are several different types of cucumbers available on the market. Two popular varieties are English cucumbers and the common garden cucumbers. Garden cucumbers have thicker skin that is usually peeled before eating. In addition, it is usually waxed to keep the moisture in the fruit from being lost while in transit and storage.

The English cucumber is generally longer, has thinner, smoother skin that can be eaten as and is generally said to be seedless. Unlike the garden cucumber, English cucumbers are sold wrapped in plastic rather than waxed. 


Nutrition Facts

Serving Size 1 cup, pared, chopped (133g)
Amount per Serving
Calories 15Calories from Fat 1
 % Daily Value *
Total Fat 0.2g 0%
Saturated Fat 0.0g 0%
Trans Fat ~
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 2mg 0%
Total Carbohydrate 2.9g 1%
Dietary Fiber 1g 4%
Sugars 1.8
Protein 0.8g
Vitamin A 2% Vitamin C 7%
Calcium 2% Iron 2%
* Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your caloric needs.

Where found

Cucumbers are usually found in the produce section or aisle of the grocery store or supermarket.

Food group

Cucumbers are a member of the Vegetables and Vegetable Products US Department of Agriculture nutritional food group.

How much do cucumbers weigh?

Measure Grams
1 cup, pared, chopped 133
1 cup, sliced 119
1 large (8-1/4" long) 280
1 medium 201
1 slice 7
1 small (6-3/8" long) 158
1 stick (4" long) 9

In Chinese:黄瓜
British (UK) term: Cucumbers
en français:concombres
en español:pepinos

Recipes using cucumbers

There are 765 recipes that contain this ingredient.

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